Lion & Dragon Dance Curriculum

“Agile movements are achieved through hardship and perseverance, stable horse stances rely on real Kungfu.”

The Cantonese Foshan Lion (粤狮) is the representative of all Southern Lions. Cantonese lion dancing attaches importance to horse stances and various martial arts techniques as its foundations. To perform a traditional lion dance for more than thirty-minutes is a true test of a practitioner’s kungfu. The most outstanding Hung Gar Lion Dance Master in history is none other than “Foshan Lion King” Grandmaster Wong Fei Hong.

Traditional lion dance almost always has the “plucking the green” component (采青). The origin of plucking the green can be traced back to the civilian anti-Qing movement. In order to disguise their anti-Qing cause, they use the phonetic similarity between “plucking the green” (“采青”) and “trampling the Qing” (“踩清”) to belittle the Qing government. Likewise, the lion dance routine of “swallowing the green” (“吞青”) signifies “overthrowing the Qing Dynasty” (“吞灭清朝”), and the routine of “throwing out the green” (“吐青”) is a metaphor for “dispersing the Qing government” (“散清”). As this art is passed down over the generations, other elements, such as “stories” and “good fortune”, were included in the plucking green themes, leading to the rich traditional green formation culture we see today. To successfully overcome green formations is a test of the wisdom and skills of the lion dancers.

It is said that Xinhui’s dragon dance has a history of a thousand years. It evolved from straw dragon to fire dragon, fabric dragon and gauze dragon. The gauze dragon of Xinhui’s Chao Lian and He Tang also has a history of more than 800 years. Its unique feature is to place candles in the dragon’s body to create a spectacular sight of a blinking gauze dragon in movement at night.

Kong Chow Wui Koon’s Dragon Dance Troupe was formed in 1980 and has since performed various types of dragons created in-house, including huge silver dragon, golden dragon, gauze dragon and fire dragon, at major events (e.g., Chingay street parade and River Hongbao).

 

 基本马步
 Foundational Horse Stances

 乐器
 Musical Instruments

 青阵
Green Formations

 四平大马
 三角马
 前弓后顶马
 子午马
 吊马
 消身走马
 麒麟马
 盘龙脚步
 蹴脚
 穿心脚
 铲脚步
 拐脚步
 标坎马步

 鼓 Drumming
 锣 Gong
 拔 Cymbols

 座两星,过三山,碎灵芝 On two stars, cross three mountain, crush the Lingzhi
 生蟹青Live Crabs Qing
 水龙青 Water Dragon Qing
 兵器青 Weapons Qing
 高青High Element Qing
 硬破水缸阵 Breaking the large ceramic pot
 七星伴月 Seven stars surround the moon
 降龙阵 Conquering the Dragon Qing
 叠罗汉高青 Human Pyramid High-Element Qing
 醉狮 Drunken Lion
 三人高青 Three Men High-Element Qing

*注:此单并不详尽 Note: List is not exhaustive

 

 

Lion & Dragon Dance Curriculum

“Agile movements are achieved through hardship and perseverance, stable horse stances rely on real Kungfu.”

The Cantonese Foshan Lion (粤狮) is the representative of all Southern Lions. Cantonese lion dancing attaches importance to horse stances and various martial arts techniques as its foundations. To perform a traditional lion dance for more than thirty-minutes is a true test of a practitioner’s kungfu. The most outstanding Hung Gar Lion Dance Master in history is none other than “Foshan Lion King” Grandmaster Wong Fei Hong.

Traditional lion dance almost always has the “plucking the green” component (采青). The origin of plucking the green can be traced back to the civilian anti-Qing movement. In order to disguise their anti-Qing cause, they use the phonetic similarity between “plucking the green” (“采青”) and “trampling the Qing” (“踩清”) to belittle the Qing government. Likewise, the lion dance routine of “swallowing the green” (“吞青”) signifies “overthrowing the Qing Dynasty” (“吞灭清朝”), and the routine of “throwing out the green” (“吐青”) is a metaphor for “dispersing the Qing government” (“散清”). As this art is passed down over the generations, other elements, such as “stories” and “good fortune”, were included in the plucking green themes, leading to the rich traditional green formation culture we see today. To successfully overcome green formations is a test of the wisdom and skills of the lion dancers.

It is said that Xinhui’s dragon dance has a history of a thousand years. It evolved from straw dragon to fire dragon, fabric dragon and gauze dragon. The gauze dragon of Xinhui’s Chao Lian and He Tang also has a history of more than 800 years. Its unique feature is to place candles in the dragon’s body to create a spectacular sight of a blinking gauze dragon in movement at night.

Kong Chow Wui Koon’s Dragon Dance Troupe was formed in 1980 and has since performed various types of dragons created in-house, including huge silver dragon, golden dragon, gauze dragon and fire dragon, at major events (e.g., Chingay street parade and River Hongbao).

 

 基本马步
 Foundational Horse Stances

 乐器
 Musical Instruments

 青阵
Green Formations

 四平大马
 三角马
 前弓后顶马
 子午马
 吊马
 消身走马
 麒麟马
 盘龙脚步
 蹴脚
 穿心脚
 铲脚步
 拐脚步
 标坎马步

 鼓 Drumming
 锣 Gong
 拔 Cymbols

 座两星,过三山,碎灵芝 On two stars, cross three mountain, crush the Lingzhi
 生蟹青Live Crabs Qing
 水龙青 Water Dragon Qing
 兵器青 Weapons Qing
 高青High Element Qing
 硬破水缸阵 Breaking the large ceramic pot
 七星伴月 Seven stars surround the moon
 降龙阵 Conquering the Dragon Qing
 叠罗汉高青 Human Pyramid High-Element Qing
 醉狮 Drunken Lion
 三人高青 Three Men High-Element Qing

*注:此单并不详尽 Note: List is not exhaustive